Two English seamen, Sir Francis Drake and Thomas Cavendishcircumnavigated the world from west to east in to and torespectively. The whereabouts of the source of the Nile had intrigued men since the days of the pharaohs. We soaked them in the sea for four or five days, then placed them for a short time over the hot embers and ate them thus, and often we ate sawdust.
Traveling the great caravan routes from southern Russianorth of the Caspian and Aral seas and north of the Tien Shan Tien Mountainsboth Carpini and Ruysbroeck eventually reached the court of the emperor at Karakorum.
Other Spanish discoveries followed those of Columbus. With the help of the local Indians, the ships reached Cuba and then Haiti. Victualing their ships at the Cape, they soon learned that, by sailing east for some 3, miles 5, km before turning north, they would encounter favourable winds in setting a course toward the Spice Islands now the Moluccas.
European exploration of the African coast. Sponsored by Spain, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan sailed west from Europe in hoping to find a route to Asia while circumnavigating the globe. Gold and silver flooded back to Spain, especially after the huge silver deposit at Potosi was discovered.
In this respect, the age is also connected to the idea of the Crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries. Neither the Swedes nor the Danes traveling in these regions were exploring lands that were unknown to civilized Europeans, but it is doubtless that contact with them brought to these Europeans new knowledge of the distant northern lands.
The emergence of the modern world The centuries that have elapsed since the Age of Discovery have seen the end of dreams of easy routes to the East by the north, the discovery of Australasia and Antarctica in place of Terra Australis Incognitaand the identification of the major features of the continental interiors.
No wonder that, when Europe learned of these things, it became enthralled. He and his successors built up an enormous empire until, in the late 13th century, one of them, Kublai Khanreigned supreme from the Black Sea to the Yellow Sea.
There were many factors that led to European exploration in the 15th century. On the return voyage, he sighted the Cape and set up a pillar upon it to mark its discovery. If the Age of Discovery did anything, it restored the self-confidence of Europe, and in turn, Europe rediscovered itself.
The pattern made by the river systems of Africa was elucidated at last. It is probable that Pytheas, having coasted the shores of the Bay of Biscaycrossed from the island of Ouessant Ushantoff the French coast of Brittanyto Cornwall in southwestern Englandperhaps seeking tin.
It was Matthew Flinders who suggested that the fifth continent should be named Australia—a name that had long associations with the South Seas and that accorded well with the names of the other continents. Conditions on board ship were far from ideal.
Gold artifacts and precious metals funded the expensive process of colonization, with explorers searching aggressively for precious metals. Economic conditions seemed to be improving and the population was increasing.
The third voyage of Christopher Columbus began with six ships on May 30, In the Portuguese established a base at Malacca now Melaka, Malaysiacommanding the straits into the China Sea; in andthe Moluccas, or Spice Islands, and Java were reached; in the trading port of Macau was founded at the mouth of the Canton River.
Like explorers before and after him, Columbus sought a water route to Asia, which abounded in commodities prized in Europe.
Very little of the divided area had actually been seen by Europeans, as it was only divided by a geographical definition rather than control on the ground.
With the exploration of the Pacific completed, interest in a Northwest Passage revived. Ultimately, the Aztec capital, known today as Mexico City, was besieged by Cortez, who claimed it -- and its gold -- for Spain in August of The voyage of the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellanfrom todispelled two long-cherished illusions: By the 15th and 16th centuries, European resources were depleting.
Europe had arrived in the East. Prester John was supposedly a powerful king of a legendary Christian nation in the east.
It did not mention Portugal, which could not claim newly discovered lands east of the line. Thus, with Ptolemy in one hand and Marco Polo in the other, the European explorers of the Age of Discovery set forth to try to reach Cathay and Cipango by new ways; Ptolemy promised that the way was short, and Marco Polo promised that the reward was great.
Related Documents: Essay on Exploration and Colonization in the 16th Century European Exploration Essay Alexis Bennett 10/8/14 World History 2 Honors Mr. Curtin Pd 6 European Exploration During the 15th and 16th centuries European exploration flourished and increased tremendously.
Apush chapter 1. STUDY. European voyages of discovery and exploration were facilitated by. new naval technology, the Renaissance, the rise of nation-states, printing presses Which factors in 15th and 16th century Europe contributed to the exploration and colonization of the New World?
Causes Of European Expansion In 15th And 16th Centuries European expansion in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries were led by the three main motives of God, glory, and gold. Books such as "Travels of John Mandeville" and "Travels" by Marco Polo inspired explorers in the centuries to come/5(2).
Lecture 2: The Age of Discovery: Introduction -- The mid-to-late 15th century has quite rightly been called the AGE OF EXPLORATION and Discovery. It was an age in which European sailors and ships left the coastal waters of the Old World and embarked on.
Nov 25, · European exploration - The Age of Discovery: In the years from the midth to the midth century, a combination of circumstances stimulated men to seek new routes, and it was new routes rather than new lands that filled the minds of kings and commoners, scholars and seamen.
What were some of the causes of European exploration and expansion? (5) Spread religion (crusading mentality), Search for an alternate trade route to indies, to have powerful nation states, ship/sail design and navigation equipment, and the renaissance- individualism, optimism, and a sense of adventure.Were motives european exploration 15th and 16th centuries